Open Access

Table 2

Test results of different algorithms(dim=30)

Function Indicators PSO GWO WOA EO HHO TDHHO
F1 Mean 2.35E-04 1.41E-27 2.11E-72 5.09E-41 8.65E-97 0.00E+00
Std 4.18E-04 3.74E-27 1.14E-70 8.84E-41 3.25E-96 0.00E+00
F2 Mean 6.04E+00 1.09E-16 8.61E-51 8.72E-23 7.97E-50 0.00E+00
Std 1.01E+01 1.01E-16 2.72E-50 1.03E-22 4.07E-49 0.00E+00
F3 Mean 7.71E+01 8.56E-06 4.04E+04 2.08E-09 1.99E-73 0.00E+00
Std 2.92E+01 1.75E-05 1.42E+04 6.16E-09 1.09E-72 0.00E+00
F4 Mean 1.08E+00 5.49E-07 5.09E+01 2.88E-10 2.11E-49 0.00E+00
Std 2.44E-01 4.69E-07 3.18E+01 4.62E-10 7.93E-49 0.00E+00
F5 Mean 7.78E+01 2.69E+01 2.80E+01 2.53E+01 1.41E-02 2.83E-10
Std 4.02E+01 5.35E-01 4.24E-01 2.13E-01 2.73E-02 1.41E-10
F6 Mean 1.72E-04 6.82E-01 3.99E-01 6.84E-06 2.26E-04 5.30E-11
Std 2.14E-04 3.92E-01 1.93E-01 3.75E-06 3.71E-04 4.07E-11
F7 Mean 6.82E+00 2.00E-03 3.70E-03 1.22E-03 1.39E-04 3.02E-04
Std 8.11E+00 9.29E-04 4.20E-03 5.51E-04 1.29E-04 2.50E-04
F8 Mean -4.73E+03 -6.01E+03 -1.02E+04 -9.00E+03 -1.26E+04 -1.26E+04
Std 1.48E+03 8.07E+02 1.92E+03 5.51E+02 7.43E-01 1.91E-07
F9 Mean 1.07E+02 2.80E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00
Std 3.72E+01 5.11+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00
F10 Mean 2.18E-01 1.07E-13 4.44E-15 8.23E-15 8.88E-16 8.88E-16
Std 4.78E-01 1.84E-14 2.64E-15 1.30E-15 0.00E+00 0.00E+00
F11 Mean 6.50E-03 6.00E-03 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00
Std 8.80E-03 1.06E-02 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00
F12 Mean 2.07E-02 4.81E-02 2.17E-02 5.69E-07 1.50E-05 1.68E-11
Std 4.22E-02 2.21E-02 1.23E-02 6.33E-07 1.82E-05 6.29E-11
F13 Mean 5.20E-03 6.28E-01 5.61E-01 2.68E-02 6.87E-05 2.52E-12
Std 9.00E-03 2.15E-01 3.10E-01 4.19E-02 9.57E-05 8.67E-12
F14 Mean -7.55E+00 -9.42E+00 -7.76E+00 -8.97 E+00 -5.40E+00 -1.02 E+01
Std 3.12E+00 2.25E+00 2.81 E+00 2.46 E+00 1.29E+00 3.18E-11
F15 Mean -8.59 E+00 -1.04 E+01 -6.98 E+00 -8.61 E+00 -5.26E+00 -1.04 E+01
Std 3.02 E+00 9.35E-04 3.10 E+00 2.84 E+00 9.52 E-01 1.28E-14
F16 Mean -9.66 E+00 -1.03 E+01 -6.60 E+00 -9.81 E+00 -5.27 E+00 -1.05E+01
Std 2.30 E+00 1.48 E+00 3.60 E+00 2.23 E+00 8.61E-01 1.78E-15

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