Open Access

Table 1

Comparison of the basic characteristics of DB, DC and hybrid plans

Type of plan Key benefit Major disadvantage
DB Fixed guarantee Risk is borne by the promoter;Lack of return on excess investments
DC Self-investment of personal accounts;Excess investment returns Risk is borne by the participants;Inadequate safeguards
Hybrid pension Fixed protection;Excess investment income Complexity in design, systems, regulation, etc.

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